National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases

Indian Council of Medical Research
Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India
WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training on Diarrhoeal Diseases

NICED : Scientists

Dr. Anup Palit

Dr. Anup Palit

Dr. Anup Palit is Deputy Director (Scientist "E") of the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases in Kolkata. Mr. Palit graduated from the University of Burdwan in 1979, gained his Masters in Zoology in 1981 from Burdwan University, W.B. and did his Ph. D. from Kalyani University, W.B. He joined the Department of Vector Biology and Control in Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, a constituent Institute of the Indian Council of Medical Research in 1986 and worked there till April,2001 and later relocated to Division of Microbiology, National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases, Kolkata, under Indian Council of Medical Research and a WHO collaborating centre for research and training on Diarrhoeal Diseases in May 2001.Presently he heads the Division of Training and Extension of the Institute.

His field of specialization has been parasitology and environmental microbiology with special emphasis on environmental microbes. He has published more than 40 research papers His present research is focused on population and molecular analyses of environmental isolates of Vibrio cholerae and Escherichia coli, to gain insights into the interplay between environmental and human disease reservoirs, and genetic factors that make certain lineages of this organism highly virulent to humans.

She is actively involved in research, training and teaching of the microbiological aspect of enteric diseases including diarrhea, enteric fever, water bacteriology. She has interests in exploring antimicrobial resistance of enteric pathogens, mechanism of drug resistance and antibacterial activity of bioactive molecules derived from herbal products. She has worked as principal investigator in a number of intramural and extramural funded projects. She supported the microbiology component of the studies pertaining to other divisions like epidemiology and clinical as a co-investigator and responsible for timely feedback of results to the concerned divisions. She took part in the vaccine trial of Typhoid vaccine (Vi polysaccharide vaccine), disease burden study of typhoid, randomized control clinical trials on usefulness of probiotics in acute diarrhea, role of vit A, micronutrients in acute watery diarrhoea. She acted as an expert in the UNICEF funded project on "Drinking water quality monitoring by H2S KIT" and participated as the nodal person in the multi-centric study on evaluation and operational research of the kit. On ICMR request, she was also involved in the evaluation of solar disinfection method of drinking water in rural household (SODIS).

His professional affiliations include Life member & fellowship of Indian Society of Malaria and other Communicable Diseases, Delhi, Life member of Indian Science Congress, Kolkata, Indian Society for Parasitology, Lucknow and Indian Society of Remote Sensing, Dehradun respectively and he is a member of Society of Biological Chemists, India, Calcutta Chapter.

Dr. Palit had been a JICA trainee and guest researcher on Molecular Microbiology at International Medical Centre of Japan, Tokyo, Japan under JICA-NICED C/P training programme (Feb-April'2007) on Molecular Microbiology of diarrhoeal enteric pathogen, has been trained on "Remote sensing and GIS" at Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (ISRO), Dehradun in 1997 and at RRSSC (ISRO), Kharagpur, W.B. in 1999. He has underwent training in Molecular epidemiology of Leishmaniasis at CJIL, Agra in 2000 and on Confocal Microscopy at IOP, New Delhi in 2001.

He has been a Question paper setter for Post Graduate examination of Pondicherry University, Pondicherry and is a reviewer of Indian Journal of Medical Research. He has been awarded "Fellowship" in Indian Society for Malaria and other communicable Diseases (F.I.S.C.D.).

General Information
Name Dr. Anup Palit
Educational Qualification M.Sc., Ph.D.
Designation Scientist F
Division Bacteriology
Specialization
Date of joining ICMR 01.01.1986
Email : palit_anup@rediffmail.com , palita@icmr.org.in

Profile

Professional Experience

Awarded C/P training Molecular Microbiology at International Medical Centre of Japan, Tokyo, Japan under JICA-NICED C/P training programme (Feb-April'2007) on Molecular Microbiology of diarrhoeal enteric pathogens.

Trained in "Remote sensing and GIS" at IIRS (ISRO), Dehradun, 1997 and RRSSC (ISRO), Kharagpur, W.B.,1999.

Trained in Molecular epidemiology of Leishmaniasis at CJIL, Agra, 2000.

Nominated Member, Drinking Water sectional Committee, FAD25, Ministry of Consumer affairs, Food and Public distribution, GOI.

Consultant, WHO assisted project "Impact of Climate Change on Diarrhoeal Diseases in India - Phase I Study

Research Interests

Field of specialization has been parasitology and environmental microbiology with special emphasis on environmental microbes. He has published more than 40 research papers His present research is focused on population and molecular analyses of environmental isolates of Vibrio cholera and Escherichia coli to gain insights into the interplay between environmental and human disease reservoirs, and genetic factors that make certain lineages of this organism highly virulent to humans.

Projects

Intramural

  • Identifying environmental risk factors for endemic diarrhoeal diseases in West Bengal, India: a remote sensing - geographic information system (GIS) approach. (Intramural, ICMR assisted)
  • Role of seasonality on the distribution, abundance and diversity of Vibrio organisms in estuaries of West Bengal: relation with cholera incidence (Intramural, ICMR assisted, proposed to be undertaken)

Extramural

  • Evaluation of the Impact of Climate Change on the Occurrence of Diarrheal Diseases with Emphasis on Cholera (Preparation of a generic protocol for WHO_APW)
  • Impact of Climate Change on Diarrhoeal Diseases in India-Phase I Study (NICED-TERI collaborative project) - WHO assisted
  • Relationship between climate variability and occurrence of diarrhea and cholera: A pilot study using retrospective data from Kolkata, India (NICED-WHO, Kobe collaboration).
  • Role of estuarine biogeochemistry on abundance and types of Vibrio cholerae in West Bengal: seasonality and relation with cholera incidence (DST-DFG).

Predoctoral students

  • Mr. Prasenjit Batabyal
  • Mr. S. Mookherjee

Awards

  • "Principal member", Water Purification system sectional committee, MHD22, Ministry of Consumer affairs, Food and Public distribution, GOI.
  • Nominated Member, Drinking Water sectional Committee, FAD25, Ministry of Consumer affairs, Food and Public distribution, GOI.
  • Consultant, WHO assisted project "Impact of Climate Change on Diarrhoeal Diseases in India - Phase I Study".
  • Awarded Fellowship of the Indian Society of Malaria & other Communicable Diseases (FISCD).

Memberships

  • Life member, Indian Society of Malaria and other Communicable Diseases, NICD, Delhi
  • Life member, Indian Science Congress, Kolkata
  • Life member, Indian Society for Parasitology, Lucknow.
  • Life member, Indian Society of Remote Sensing, Dehradun
  • Fellow, Indian Society of Malaria & other Communicable Diseases (FISCD).

Publications

2016

  1. Batabyal P, Mookerjee S, Einsporn MH, Lara RJ, Palit A (2016). Environmental drivers on seasonal abundance of riverine-estuarine V. cholerae in the Indian Sundarban mangrove. Ecological Indicators 2016; 69: 59-65.

2015

  1. Mookerjee S, Batabyal P, Sarkar MH, Palit A (2015). Seasonal prevalence of enteropathogenic vibrio and their phages in the riverine estuarine ecosystem of south Bengal. PLoS One.2015;10(9):e0137338 Pubmed

2014

  1. Batabyal P, Einsporn MH, Mookerjee S, Palit A, Neogi SB, Nair GB, Lara RJ (2014). Influence of hydrologic and anthropogenic factors on the abundance variability of enteropathogens in the Ganges estuary, a cholera endemic region. Sci Total Environ. 2014; 472:154-61. Pubmed
  2. Mookerjee S, Jaiswal A, Batabyal P, Einsporn MH, Lara RJ, Sarkar B, Neogi SB, Palit A.(2014). Seasonal dynamics of Vibrio cholerae and its phages in riverine ecosystem of Gangetic West Bengal: cholera paradigm. Environ Monit Assess. 2014 ;186(10):6241-50. Pubmed
  3. Batabyal P, Mookerjee S, Einsporn MH, Lara RJ, Palit A(2014). High prevalence of toxin producing enteropathogenic Vibrios among estuarine crab in Ganges delta of West Bengal, India. Infect Genet Evol. 2014; 26: 359-61. Pubmed
  4. Mookerjee S, Batabyal P, Halder M, Palit A (2014). Specificity of coliphages in evaluating marker efficacy: A new insight for water quality indicators. J Virol. Methods. 2014; 208C:115-118. Pubmed

2013

  1. Batabyal P, Mookerjee S, Sur D, Palit A (2013). Diarrheogenic Escherechia coli in potable water sources of West Bengal, India. Acta Trop. 2013; 127(3):153-7.
    Pubmed
  2. Jaiswal A, Koley H, Ghosh A, Palit A, Sarkar B (2013). Efficacy of cocktail phage therapy in treating Vibrio cholerae infection in rabbit model. Microbes Infect. 2013; 15(2):152-6. Pubmed

2012

  1. Palit A, Batabyal P, Kanungo S, Sur D, (2012). In-house contamination of potable water in urban slum of Kolkata, India: a possible transmission route of diarrhea. Water Sci Technol. 66: 299-303 Pubmed
  2. Batabyal P, Mookerjee S, Palit A, (2012). Occurrence of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae in accessible water sources of cholera endemic foci of India, Jpn. J. Infect. Dis., 65, 358-360.swal A, Koley H, Ghosh A, Palit A, Sarkar B (2013). Efficacy of cocktail phage therapy in treating Vibrio cholerae infection in rabbit model. Microbes Infect. 2013; 15(2):152-6. Pubmed

2011

  1. Sur D, Manna B, Niyogi SK, Ramamurthy T, Palit A, Nomoto K, Takahashi T, Shima T, Tsuji H, Kurakawa T, Takeda Y, Nair GB, Bhattacharya SK. (2011). Role of probiotic in preventing acute diarrhoea in children: a community-based, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled field trial in an urban slum. Epidemiol. Infect. 139: 919-926. Pubmed

2010

  1. Bhattacharya, MK, Kanungo S, Palit A, Chatterjee S, Ghosh M,Seth B.K., Dutta K.K., Kundu P and Bhattacharya S.K.et al (2010). Study on Socio-economic background of HIV/AIDS patients in West Bengal, India, Indian Jour. of Physiol. & Allied Sciences, 64: 2-9. Pubmed
  2. Palit, A., P. Batabyal. 2010. Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae from environmental sources associated with the cholera outbreak after 'AILA' cyclone in West Bengal, India.
    Lett Appl Microbiol. 51
    : 241-243. Pubmed
  3. Ghosh, S., P. Batabyal, K. Rajendran, A. Palit. 2010. Typhoid fever in rural communities of West Bengal, India-an age-wise perspective. Jpn J Infect Dis. 63: 219-221. Pubmed

2007

  1. Palit, A., S. Dutta, D. Sur, M. K. Bhattacharya, S. K. Bhattacharya. 2007. Occurrence of sporadic intrafamilial transmission of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium in a periurban slum dwelling population of Kolkata. J Health Popul. Nutr. 25:116-7. Pubmed

2006

  1. Sur, D., B. L. Sarkar, B. Manna, J. Deen, S. Datta, S. K. Niyogi, A. N. Ghosh, A. Deb, S. Kanungo, A. Palit, S. K. Bhattacharya. 2006. Epidemiological, microbiological and electron microscopic study of a cholera outbreak in a Kolkata slum community. Ind. J. Med. Res. 123. 31-36. Pubmed
  2. Palit, A., S. Ghosh, S. Dutta, D. Sur, M. K. Bhattacharya and S. K. Bhattacharya. 2006. Increasing prevalence of Salmonella enterica serotype paratyphi-A in patients with enteric fever in a periurban slum setting of Kolkata, India. Int. J. Env. Hlth. Res. 16. 455-459. Pubmed
  3. Bhattacharya, M. K., T. N. Naik, A. Palit and S. K. Bhattacharya. 2006. Impact of a harm-reduction programme on soft tissue infections among injecting drug users of Kolkata, India. Journal of Health Popn. and Nutrn. 24 (1). 121-122. Pubmed
  4. Sudhakar, S., T. Srinivas, A. Palit, S. K. Kar and S. K. Bhattacharya. 2006. Mapping of risk prone areas of kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis) in parts of Bihar state, India: an RS and GIS approach. J. Vector Borne Diseases. 43 (3) 115-22. Pubmed

2005

  1. Palit, A., D. Sur, K. Dhar.  Mitra, M.R. Saha, 2005. Asymptomatic Cryptosporidiosis in an urban slum setting in Kolkata, India. Jpn. J. Inf. Dis. 58(2) 110-111. Pubmed
  2. Palit, A., S. N. Kundu and S. K. Bhattacharya. 2005. Host preference of Phlebotomus argentipes and Phlebotomus papatasi in different biotopes of West Bengal, India. Int. J. Env. Hlth. Res. 15(6). 449 - 454. Pubmed

2003

  1. Saha, M.R., P. Dutta, A. Palit, D. Dutta, M. K. Bhattacharya, U. Mitra and S. K. Bhattacharya. 2003. A note on incidence of typhoid fever in diverse age groups in Kolkata, India. Jpn. J. Infect Dis. 56(3): 121-122. Pubmed
  2. Saha, M.R., A. Palit, N. S. Chatterjee, P. Dutta, U. Mitra and S. K. Bhattacharya. 2003. A prospective study of phage types and biotypes of Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhi isolated from hospitalized children in Kolkata, India.  I. J. M. R. (May, 2003) 201-204. Pubmed

2001

  1. Kumar, V., K, Kishore, A. Palit, S. Keshari, M. C. Sharma, V. N. Das, S. Shivakumar, MS. Roy, N. K. Sinha, M. Prasad, S. K. Kar. 2001. Vectorial efficacy of Phlebotomus argentipes in Kala-azar endemic foci of Bihar (India) under natural and artificial conditions. J. Com. Dis. 33(2). 102-109. Pubmed
  2. Kesari, S., K. Kishore, A. Palit, V. Kumar, MS. Roy, S. Shivakumar, S. K. Kar. 2001. An entomological field evaluation on larval biology of sand fly in Kala-azar endemic focus of Bihar-exploration of larval control tool. J. Com. Dis. 32 (4). 284-288. Pubmed
  3. Dinesh, D. S., A. Ranjan, A. Palit, K. Kishore And S. K. Kar. 2001. Seasonal and nocturnal landing/biting behaviour of Phlebotomus argentipes. Ann. Trop. Med. & Parasitol. 95 (2): 197-202. Pubmed

2000

  1. Dinesh, D. S., V. N. R. Das, A. Palit, K. Kishore, N. Verma, A. K. Gupta, M. C. Sharma, N. Kumar And S. K. Kar. 2000. The role of Post Kala-azar Dermal Leishmaniasis in the transmission of Visceral Leishmaniasis through Phlebotomus argentipes. Tropical Biomedicine. 17: 7-9
  2. Ranjan, A., N. Kumar, V. N. R. Das, A. Palit, K. Kishore, S. Bimal, N. A. Siddique, V. P. Singh And S. K. Kar. 2000. Epidemiological parameters in epidemic and endemic areas of visceral leishmaniasis in Bihar. India. J. Parasit. Dis. pp. 223-225.
  3. Kesari, S., A. Palit, V. Kumar, S. Sivakumar and S. K. Kar. 2000. Study on development and survival Phlebotomus argentipes under simulated natural condition. J. Parast. Dis. pp. 175-177.
  4. Kishore, K., A. Palit, V. Kumar, S. Kesari, S. Sivakumar and S. K. Kar. 2000. An entomological study of Indian kala-azar with reference to the factors influencing the transmission in endemic villages of Bihar. J. Parasit. Dis. 24. pp. 171-174.
  5. Dinesh, D. S., S. K. Kar, K. Kishore, A. Palit, N. Verma, A. K. Gupta, D. S. Chauhan, D. Singh, V. D. Sharma And V. M. Katoch, 2000. Screening sandflies for natural infection with Leishmania donovani, using a non-radioactive probe based on the total DNA of the parasite. Ann. Trop. Med & Parasitol. 94 (5). 447-451. Pubmed
  6. Palit, A., S. Kesari, K. Kishore, V. Kumar, D. S. Dinesh, A. Ranjan, R. B. Verma And S. K. Kar. 2000. Life budget analysis of P. papatasi scopoli. A suspected vector of Kala-azar in India. J. Parasit. Dis. 24. pp. 87-88.

1999

  1. Lal, C. S., A. K. Gupta, V. N. R. Das, N. Verma, N. K. Sinha, R. Singh, A. Palit And S. K. Kar. 1999. Isoenzyme typing of Leishmania parasite of different geographical distribution in Bihar. J. Parasit. Dis. 23. 27-30.
  2. Dinesh, D. S., V. N. R. Das, K. Kishore, A. Palit And S. K. Kar. 1999. Vectorial status of sand flies in correlation with cases of Kala-azar in an endemic focus of Bihar. J. Parasit. Dis. 23. pp57-58.
  3. Palit, A., K. Kishore, S. Kesari, V. Kumar, A. Ranjan, C. S. Lal And S. K. Kar. 1999. Host preference of two phlebotomus flies, P. argentipes and P. papatasi (Diptera; Psychodidae) in Bihar. J.  Parasit. Dis. 23. 117-120.
  4. 1997

    1. Kumar, N., N. A. Siddiqui, A. Ranjan, R. B. Verma, N. K. Sinha, A. Palit And S. K. Kar. 1997. Knowledge, attitude & practice of rural population of Bihar in relation to Visceral Leishmaniasis. J. Parasit. Dis. 11-18.

    1995

    1. Kumar, V., S. Kesari, N. K. Sinha, A. Palit, A. Ranjan, K. Kishore, R. Saran and S. K. Kar. 1995. Field trial of an ecological approach for the control of Phlebotomus argentipes using mud and lime plaster. Ind. Jour. Med. Res. 101: 154-156. Pubmed

    1994

    1. Palit, A., S. Kesari, A. Ranjan and K. Kishore. 1994. Mating aggregation of Phlebotomus argentipes at animal host in India. Ind. Jour. Parasitol. 17(1): 11-13.

    1993

    1. Kumar, V., K. Kishore, A. Palit and R. Saran. 1993. A study of species composition, seasonal distribution and habitat of sandflies in the endemic sprayed and endemic but not sprayed area of Patna district, Bihar. Ind. Jour. Parasitol. 17(2): 141-146.
    2. Kumar, V., S. Bimal, K. Kishore, A. Palit and R. Saran. 1993. Studies on vector host relationship in Visceral Leishmaniasis - An Immunological profile. Ind. Jour. Parasitol. 17(1): 27-28.

    1992

    1. Kesari, S., A. Palit and K. Kishore. 1992. Study of breeding habitats of sandflies - Preliminary approach. Jour. Comm. Dis. 24(1): 62-63. Pubmed

    1990

    1. Palit, A., K. Kishore and A. B. Sen. 1990. Gonotropic cycle of Phlebotomus argentipes in nature in Bihar - Preliminary experiences. Ind. Jour. Parasitol. 14(2): 121-123.

    1988

    1. Palit, A., D. K. Chaudhary and A. K. Hati. 1988. Preliminary observations in dispersion of Phlebotomus argentipes Ann. & Brunn. (Psychodidae : Diptera). Ind. Jour. Parasitol. 12(1): 15-16.
    2. Palit, A., S. Chakravarty, S. Bhattacharya, D. K. Chaudhary and A. K. Hati. 1988. Bait preference of Phlebotomus argentipes (Ann. & Brunn). Ind. Jour. Pub. Health. Vol. XXXII (1): 41-42. Pubmed
    3. Palit, A., D. K. Chaudhary and A. K. Hati. 1988. Preliminary studies on dispersion of Phlebotomus argentipes Ann. & Brunn. (Diptera : Psychodidas). Ind. Med. Gaz., No. 8 Vol. CXXII. 242-243.

    1986

    1. Bhattacharya, S., S. K. Chakravarty, S. Chakravarty, K. K. Ghosh, A. Palit, K. K. Mukherjee, M. S. Chakravarty, N. Tandon and A. K. Hati. 1986. Density of Culex vishnui and appearance of JEE antibody in sentinel chicks and wild birds in relation to Japanese Encephalitis cases. Trop. Geogr. Med. 38: 46-50. Pubmed

    1985

    1. Ghosh, K. K., S. Chakravarty, S. Bhattacharya, A. Palit, N. Tandon and A. K. Hati. 1985. Anopheles annularis as a vector of Malaria in rural West Bengal. Ind. Jour. Malariol. 22(2): 65-69. Pubmed

    1984

    1. Hati, A. K., A. Palit, S. Chakravarty, S. Bhattacharya, K. K. Ghosh, S. Das. 1984. Phlebotomus argentpes Ann. & Brunn. (Dipter) caught on man baits at night in a clean biotope. Rec. Zool. Survey of India, 81: 9-12.

    1983

    1. Das, P., (Sil), S. Bhattacharya, S. Chakravarty, A. Palit, S. Das, K. K. Ghosh and A. K. Hati. 1983. Diurnal man biting activity of Armigeres subalbatus in a village in West Bengal. Ind. Jour. Med. Res. 78: 794-798. Pubmed

Book chapter:

  1. Palit A. and Nair G.B. (2014) Bacteria: Other Vibrios. In: Motarjemi Y. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Food Safety, Volume 1, pp. 570-573. Waltham, MA: Academic Press. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
  2. Kanungo S, Deb A.K., Palit, A & Nair G.B. (2010). Impact of climate change on diarrhoeal diseases, especially cholera, in India. Proc. S-E Asia Regional conference on Epidemiology, WHO. New Delhi, March 8-10, 2010, pp.246-251.

© 2016   NICED,  All rights reserved.   |   Designed by :   Braindrops